Recent Updates

  1. Points to Consider Before Starting a Hops Operation

    Hop farming requires a substantial investment in capital, time and management. A business and marketing plan is essential to developing a successful hops operation. This fact sheet outlines preplanning points that should be addressed to create a financially successful hops operation.
  2. Status of Biorefineries in Ohio

    What is a biorefinery?
  3. Melampsora Rust

    Melampsora rust, also known as poplar leaf rust, is a foliar rust disease that has been a large problem for trees in the genus Populus and other trees in the family Salicaceae, including various poplars, cottonwoods, aspens and willows, in the United States and throughout the world. The disease is caused by the fungal pathogen Melampsora medusae. M. medusae is a basidiomycete fungus, referred to as a macrocyclic, heteroecious rust fungus.
  4. Local Food Council Formation Planning Guide

    The local food movement has grown significantly across the nation during the past 10 years. Feenstra describes this as a response, in part, to the disconnection of people from the “sources of their sustenance.” In 2010, the number of farmers markets in Ohio grew 31 percent over the preceding year (Sylvester, 2011). Amid all this activity around local food, many groups have undertaken activities to further promote the benefits (economic, health, community); but at times, they discover duplication of efforts.
  5. Carpenter Bees

    Carpenter bees get their common name due to the females' habit of excavating galleries in wood to create nest sites for their young. These bees do not consume wood; they feed on pollen and nectar and are important plant pollinators. Large carpenter bees belong to the genus Xylocopa. Two native species, Xylocopa virginica and Xylocopa micans, occur in the eastern United States. A number of native carpenter bees also occur in the western United States. This fact sheet primarily pertains to X. virginica, with the common name of carpenter bee.
  6. Gluten-Free Eating: Important Considerations

    There is an ever-increasing bounty of gluten-free foods available in grocery stores and on restaurant menus. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye, and appears in many processed foods. Both medical diagnoses and consumer demand are driving the surge in gluten-free products. Recently, a gluten-free lifestyle has become an increasingly popular U.S. diet trend. According to a 2015 Gallup poll, approximately 20 percent of Americans are looking to reduce or eliminate gluten from their diet.
  7. Potassium

    Are you getting enough potassium in your diet? Potassium helps maintain normal blood pressure by reducing the effect of sodium. About 90 percent of the population in the United States consumes more sodium than recommended with only about 3 percent meeting the recommendations for potassium. Age and racial/ethnic groups have little effect on the amount of sodium and potassium consumed. Research indicates increasing potassium creates a protective effect against hypertension (high blood pressure).
  8. Orange Rust of Brambles

    In the northeastern quarter of the United States, including Ohio, orange rust of brambles (Figure 1) is caused by the fungus Arthuriomyces peckianus. Orange rust is the most important of several rust diseases that attack brambles. All varieties of black and purple raspberries, and most varieties of erect blackberries and trailing blackberries are very susceptible. Orange rust does not infect red raspberries.
  9. Natural Organic Lawn Care

    More people are asking for information regarding organic lawn care. Many people want to decrease or eliminate the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides in their home lawns. There is concern that some of these products may be harmful to humans, beneficial insects, wildlife and pets. With proper knowledge, the homeowner can use naturally occurring resources to maintain a home lawn without using synthetic products.
  10. Disinfection in On-Farm Biosecurity Procedures

    Since the appearance of recent swine and avian influenza outbreaks in the United States as well as foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Europe in early 2001 has caused many livestock owners serious concern; many are continuing to look more closely at their biosecurity plans or their efforts to keep the diseases out of their herds or flocks. Over the years, Extension veterinarians have received many calls regarding which disinfectants to use on shoes, boots, tires or other equipment in order to kill the FMD or influenza virus.