Recent Updates

  1. Sclerotinia Stem Rot (White Mold) of Soybean

    Sclerotinia stem rot, or white mold, of soybean is a disease most commonly reported in high-yield soybeans in the North Central Region of the United States. Overall disease incidence and severity vary from year to year and from field to field. In Ohio, growers have faced localized outbreaks of this disease every year since 2009. Infection and disease development are favored by wet conditions and cool temperatures (less than 70 degrees Fahrenheit) prior to, during and following the flowering stage.
  2. Soybean Rust

    Soybean rust (SBR), caused by the fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi, is one of the most important diseases of soybean in several regions around the world. The pathogen was first identified in Asia but later spread to Africa (1997) and South America (2001). The first report of SBR in the continental United States occurred in 2004, most likely brought from South America by the winds of Hurricane Ivan. It has been proposed that the widespread adoption of soybean as a crop around the world may have contributed in part to this movement.
  3. Tips for Calibrating Grain Yield Monitors—Maximizing Value of Your Yield Data

    Calibrating grain yield monitors at harvest can be discouraging and time consuming for a combine operator. However, improperly calibrated yield monitors can generate erroneous data that becomes useless or difficult to interpret. Taking the time to calibrate a yield monitor properly pays off when it comes time to using yield map data for post-harvest analyses or supporting decisions based on your yield data.
  4. Using Cover Crops to Improve Soil and Water Quality

    This is a literature review of cover crop benefits from Dabney et al. 2001 and Dabney 1996. Cover crop benefits include: soil erosion protection, reduced nutrient leaching, carbon sequestration, weed suppression and integrated pest management. Cover crops protect water quality by reducing losses of nutrients, pesticides and sediment. Only a small percentage of farmers actually plant cover crops because most farmers believe the disadvantages outweigh the advantages.
  5. A History of Packaging

    Very early in time, food was consumed where it was found. Families and villages were self-sufficient, making and catching what they used. When containers were needed, nature provided gourds, shells and leaves to use. Later, containers were fashioned from natural materials, such as hollowed logs, woven grasses and animal organs.
  6. Powdery Mildew of Greenhouse-grown Lettuce

    Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease encountered in greenhouse production of lettuce. Many growers struggle with controlling the disease on lettuce crops grown in protected environments, especially during the fall and winter months. This fact sheet details the causal pathogen, favorable environmental factors and recommendations for control for greenhouse producers. 
  7. Chlorinated Water Sanitation of Leafy Green Vegetables For Fresh Produce Processors

    Following harvest, leafy green vegetables are treated with sanitizers to reduce bacteria that have come in contact with the produce prior to or during harvesting, and to prevent cross-contamination. Although several liquid sanitizers that could be used to decrease bacterial load—including chlorine dioxide, ozone and peroxyacetic acid—chlorinated water is the frequently used sanitizer in the fresh produce industry. Chlorinated water treatment is cost-effective and easiest to manage among all of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved sanitizers for fresh produce.
  8. Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2016

    Farming is a complex business and many Ohio farmers utilize outside help for specific farm-related work. This option is appealing for tasks requiring specialized equipment or technical expertise. Often, having someone else with specialized tools perform a task is more cost effective and saves time. Farm work completed by others is called “custom farm work” or more simply, “custom work.” A “custom rate” is the amount agreed upon by both parties to be paid by the custom work customer to the custom work provider.
  9. Creative Leadership in 4-H—Flatwater Kayaking

    Over the past 20 years, kayaking has emerged as one of the most popular outdoor recreation activities in America. In response to this popular trend, 4-H camping programs have added this option to their recreation portfolios. Due to a shortage of certified instructors, many 4-H camps are teaching kayaking with lesser qualified staff. This presents concerns about participant safety, quality of learning, and user enjoyment. This fact sheet provides a stop-gap training option for creatively engaging participants in 4-H kayaking instruction.
  10. Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) for 4-H Youth Livestock Producers and Families

    What is a VFD? A VFD is a written (nonverbal) statement issued by a licensed veterinarian that authorizes the use of an approved VFD drug or combination VFD drug in or on an animal feed. This written statement authorizes the client (owner of the animal) to obtain and use animal feed bearing or containing a VFD drug or combination VFD drug to treat the client’s animals only in accordance with the conditions for use approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration).