Recent Updates

  1. Statistics and Agricultural Research

    When a state Extension specialist or Extension educator makes a presentation, the individual will occasionally make reference to “statistical significance” or some variant that alludes to statistical analysis and its use in determining treatment differences. So what is meant by statistical significance? Why should a producer, consultant or retailer care about statistics? Can the average of treatment effects be used alone to evaluate differences? These are often asked questions that need clarification.
  2. Fire Blight of Apples and Pears

    Fire blight is a common and very destructive bacterial disease of apples and pears (Figure 1). The disease is caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora, which can infect and cause severe damage to many plants in the rose (Rosaceae) family (Table 1). On apples and pears, the disease can kill blossoms, fruit, shoots, twigs, branches and entire trees. While young trees can be killed in a single season, older trees can survive several years, even with continuous dieback.
  3. MyPlate-Guided Rainbow of Colors Choice System for Food Pantry Staff and Volunteers

    This guide is intended for Extension educators, food pantry staff and volunteers who are interested in the “MyPlate-Guided” Rainbow of Colors Choice Food Pantry System.
  4. How to Read the Nutrition Facts Label

    Food packages often contain words and phrases like “low fat,” “reduced sodium,” “contains whole grain,” and more to make consumers think a food is healthy. These words and phrases provide tidbits of information about food, but the nutrition facts label is the best tool to use to identify and select healthy choices. 
  5. Freezing Basics

    Freezing is the easiest, most convenient, and least time-consuming method of preserving foods. Most foods freeze well—with the exception of produce with a high water content, cream-based items, and cooked starchy foods such as cooked noodles and rice. 
  6. Using Ice to Protect Outdoor-Growing Plants against Frosts and Freezes

    In the past few years, I have seen more growers using the outdoors to grow certain container crops that do well in cool environments (Figures 1 and 2). Some cultivars of pansies, petunias, calibrachoas, osteospermums, etc., can be grown outdoors during spring or late spring. Some growers of perennials also move some crops outdoors even earlier in the year.
  7. All Things Sweet: Sugar and Other Sweeteners

    It is part of human nature to crave the sweet taste of sugar. Sugar is naturally found in many foods including milk and fruit, and it is an important source of energy for certain parts of the body, such as the brain and red blood cells. Sugar and other sweeteners are also added to many foods, including yogurt, crackers, baked goods, cereals, sauces and salad dressings. Sweeteners are usually added to food to improve flavor, but they can also enhance the texture or color of food. 
  8. Blueberry Leaf Rust

    Leaf rust of blueberry is caused by the fungus Pucciniastrum vaccinia (synonym Naohidemyces vaccinia). The fungus has a wide host range including species of Vaccinium spp. (blueberry, cranberry, huckleberry), Tsuga (hemlock, spruce), and Rhododendron (azalea, rhododendrum). The disease has been reported in Asia, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Europe, Mexico and the United States. In Ohio, and other northern states, the disease is sporadic and localized. Leaf rust can cause premature defoliation of affected bushes.
  9. Scab of Apple

    Apple scab is one of the most serious diseases of apple worldwide. Apple scab is caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis. In addition to apples, crabapples and mountain ash are susceptible to this fungus. Both the leaves and fruit of apple trees can be affected by this disease. Infected leaves may drop prematurely resulting in unsightly trees, with poor fruit production. This early defoliation may weaken trees and make them more susceptible to winter injury or other pests. Diseased fruits are blemished and often severely deformed and may also drop early.
  10. Eating Disorders Awareness: Binge Eating Disorder

    Nearly everyone has experienced eating to excess. Holiday meals are a good example of times when we have seconds, thirds and so on until we experience feelings of discomfort due to overeating. For some people, this practice extends beyond the occasional holiday meal to a frequent pattern of behavior that spirals out of control. This condition is referred to as Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and is more common than bulima nervosa or other eating disorders (Adis Medical Writers, 2015).

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