Recent Updates

  1. Food Safety in Gardens

    Growing fruits and vegetables in a home, school or community garden has many healthful benefits. Gardening can reduce stress, improve mental clarity, increase physical activity and increase awareness of healthy nutrition. However, there are potential food safety challenges that should be addressed when growing fruits and vegetables.
  2. Food Safety and Garden Flooding

  3. Bitter Rot of Apple

    Bitter rot is a common fruit rotting disease of apple (and pear) that occurs in all states where apples and pears are grown (Figure 1). Bitter rot is caused by the fungi, Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes, C. acutatum and Glomerella cingulata. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and C. acutatum are the same pathogenic fungi that cause anthracnose fruit rot on strawberry and blueberry, ripe rot on grape and anthracnose disease on peach.
  4. Making Fruit Leathers

    Fruit leathers are easy to make and loved by many people. They can be a healthy snack and are a great way to use that overripe fruit. You can start simply with simple fruit leathers or experiment with different flavor combinations. You are only limited by your imagination—and the capacity of your dehydrator!
  5. Preparing a Net Worth Statement

    What is a “net worth statement?” This financial tool shows your current overall financial position at a given point in time. It is like a “financial snapshot” that shows the dollar value of what you own and what you owe. Your net worth is the difference between your total assets (what you own) and your total liabilities (what you owe). This relationship can be stated as:  Assets – Liabilities = Net Worth
  6. Soil Acidification: How to Lower Soil pH

    Many plant species require acid soil conditions to thrive. Throughout Ohio and many other parts of the Midwest surface soils are neutral to slightly alkaline. Elemental sulfur can be applied as a soil amendment to decrease the pH or acidify such soils. Due to the cost, the application of sulfur to acidify soils is more practical for horticultural crops than agronomic crops. The objective of this fact sheet is to provide interested individuals (agronomic and horticultural) with rates necessary to adjust soil pH.
  7. Soil Acidity and Liming for Agronomic Production

    Soil pH is an important consideration when producing any crop, and soil pH should be the first soil consideration when attempting to grow a plant. Soil pH affects soil microbial activity and populations, many soil chemical reactions, and nutrient availability; thus it is an important soil property to consider for maximum productivity.
  8. The Beef Showman: Will You Be an Asset or a Liability?

    By the time a beef calf reaches the show ring, a large investment in time and resources has been made. Attention to detail in areas such as genetics, nutrition, housing, health and more, can help to produce a successful beef project. Most of this work is done at home, out of the public eye, with the support of parents, siblings, club advisors and others. Showing cattle takes a great deal of commitment and is truly a team effort.
  9. Statistics and Agricultural Research

    When a state Extension specialist or Extension educator makes a presentation, the individual will occasionally make reference to “statistical significance” or some variant that alludes to statistical analysis and its use in determining treatment differences. So what is meant by statistical significance? Why should a producer, consultant or retailer care about statistics? Can the average of treatment effects be used alone to evaluate differences? These are often asked questions that need clarification.
  10. Fire Blight of Apples and Pears

    Fire blight is a common and very destructive bacterial disease of apples and pears (Figure 1). The disease is caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora, which can infect and cause severe damage to many plants in the rose (Rosaceae) family (Table 1). On apples and pears, the disease can kill blossoms, fruit, shoots, twigs, branches and entire trees. While young trees can be killed in a single season, older trees can survive several years, even with continuous dieback.