Recent Updates

  1. Ohio Energy Trends: Comparing Old and New Energy Development

    This fact sheet series is based on the original research from the project “Maximizing the Gains of Old and New Energy Development for America’s Rural Communities.” This series summarizes the research into six chronological fact sheets to inform the reader of economic impacts related to energy development. 
  2. Human Trafficking: Know the Signs of this Hidden Crime

    Most Ohioans are familiar with highly visible human trafficking occurrences in the state. The stories of Gina DeJesus, Amanda Berry, and Michelle Knight who were held captive in a Cleveland home for a decade is perhaps the most well-known. These women were subjected to ongoing sexual, psychological, physical and other abuses. The case of a woman with cognitive disabilities and her 5-year-old child in Ashland County is also well-known.
  3. Purchasing Nutrients for Hay and Forage Crops

    Fertilizer can be a significant out-of-pocket expense in the maintenance of hay and forage crops. Frequently, cost is given as the prime reason why a producer does not fertilize hay and forage crops for maintenance. Producers can save money on fertilizer applications if they compare the total cost of applying different fertilizer blends.
  4. Fertility Management of Meadows

    Fertility management for pastures, meadows, and hay fields is a continuous process that is often only considered by producers during the establishment of the forage. Managing fertility for the maintenance of the stand and continued productivity is also extremely important. Forage crops are often grown on poorer soils and seldom managed as well as more marketable cash crops. Forage crops that contain grasses are easily sustained for years, and rarely need to be reestablished if fertility is maintained.
  5. Horse Manure Management

    Ohio has a large number of horses stabled in suburban counties near each large city. Managing horse manure in suburban areas is often a problem because land, to properly store and utilize the manure for crop production, is limited. In addition, when horse manure is mixed with sawdust or wood chips, and spread on farm fields, it often stunts crop growth. Since farmers don’t want to stunt their crops, the horse owner has few good options for disposing of manure.
  6. Role of Soil Fungus

    Fungi are an important part of the microbial ecology. The majority of fungi decompose the lignin and the hard-to-digest soil organic matter, but some fungi consume simple sugars. Fungi dominate in low pH or slightly acidic soils where soils tend to be undisturbed (Lavelle & Spain, 2005). Fungi break down the organic residues so that many different types of microbes can start to decompose and process the residues into usable products. 
  7. Role of Soil Bacteria

    Microbes in the soil are directly tied to nutrient recycling especially carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur. Bacteria are a major class of microorganisms that keep soils healthy and productive. 
  8. Making Fermented Dill Pickles

    Fermented or brined products, such as dill cucumbers, cure for several weeks. Curing changes the color, flavor and texture of the product. Lactic acid produced during fermentation helps preserve the product. Satisfactory products can be obtained only when quality ingredients are used and proper procedures followed. Correct proportions of vegetables, salt, vinegar and spices are essential. 
  9. Feeding Horses

    Adequate equine nutrition is essential to the health and the performance of the working horse. However, equine nutrition is shrouded with myths about feed additives, while horse owners search for the truth. This fact sheet provides horse owners with one method of balancing equine rations. Forage is used as a major feed source and is evaluated for its ability to meet a horse's nutritional requirements when fed alone or in combination with each of two different grain supplements.
  10. Preserving Food With Less Sugar

    Whether by personal choice or due to special dietary needs, many people are looking for way to reduce their sugar intake. Commercially prepared food suitable for those on special meal plans can be costly due to slightly different production procedures. Preserving food at home can be a practical way to save money, even when reducing sugar, if fresh produce and the necessary equipment are available.